Johnson, Samuel Waite

Johnson, Samuel Waite
b. 14 October 1831 Bramley, Leeds, England
d. 14 January 1912 Nottingham, England
English locomotive engineer, designer of Midland Railway's successful compound locomotives.
After an apprenticeship with E.B.Wilson, Leeds, Johnson worked successively for the Great Northern, Manchester Sheffield \& Lincolnshire, Edinburgh \& Glasgow and Great Eastern Railways before being appointed Locomotive Superintendent of the Midland Railway in 1873. There he remained for the rest of his working life, becoming notable for well-designed, well-finished locomotives. Of these, the most famous were his 4–2–2 express locomotives, introduced in 1887. The use of a single pair of driving-wheels was made possible at this late date by application of steam sanding gear (invented in 1886 by F. Holt) to enable them to haul heavy trains without slipping. In 1901, almost at the end of his career, he produced the first Midland compound 4–4–0, with a single internal high-pressure cylinder and two external low-pressure ones. The system had been devised by W.M.Smith, working on the North Eastern Railway under Wilson Worsdell. These locomotives were successful enough to be developed and built in quantity by Johnson's successors and were adopted as a standard locomotive by the London Midland \& Scottish Railway after the grouping of 1923.
Principal Honours and Distinctions
President, Institution of Mechanical Engineers 1898.
Further Reading
C.Hamilton Ellis, 1958, Twenty Locomotive Men, Ian Allan, Ch. 11 (describes Johnson's career).
E.L.Ahrons, 1927, The British Steam Railway Locomotive 1825–1925, The Locomotive Publishing Co. (describes Johnson's locomotives).

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Samuel W. Johnson — Samuel Waite Johnson (14 October 1831 mdash; 14 January 1912) was chief mechanical engineer (CME) of the Midland Railway.Johnson was born in Bramley, Yorkshire and educated at Leeds Grammar School. He learned to become an engineer at the… …   Wikipedia

  • Samuel Hitt Elbert — (* 3. April 1833 im Logan County, Ohio; † 27. November 1899 in Galveston, Texas) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und von 1873 bis 1874 Gouverneur des Colorado Territoriums. Frü …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Davis Waite — Davis Hanson Waite (* 9. April 1825 in Jamestown, New York; † 29. November 1901) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker (Populist Party) und von 1893 bis 1895 der 8. Gouverneur des Bundesstaat Colorado. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edwin Carl Johnson — (* 1. Januar 1884 in Scandia, Republic County, Kansas; † 30. Mai 1970 in Denver, Colorado) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker (Demokratische Partei) sowie der 25. und 33. Gouverneur des Bundesstaates Colorado. Johnson wurde 1884 in Kansas… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edwin Johnson (Gouverneur) — Edwin Carl Johnson (* 1. Januar 1884 in Scandia, Republic County, Kansas; † 30. Mai 1970 in Denver, Colorado) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker (Demokratische Partei) sowie der 25. und 33. Gouverneur des Bundesstaates Colorado. Johnson wurde… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chris Johnson (Australian footballer, born 1976) — For other people of the same name, see Chris Johnson (disambiguation). Chris Johnson Johnson in the ahfc guernsey Personal information …   Wikipedia

  • Dugald Drummond — Born 1 January 1840(1840 01 01) Ardrossan, Ayrshire, Scotland Died 8 November 1912(1912 11 08) (aged 72) Surbiton, Surrey, England Nati …   Wikipedia

  • Midland Railway 1000 Class — Power type Steam Designer Samuel Waite Johnson: renewed as superheated Deeley compound by Henry Fowler Build date …   Wikipedia

  • LMS Fowler Class 3F — Infobox Locomotive powertype=Steam name = LMS Fowler Class 3F caption = Preserved 47493 on the Spa Valley Railway with a demonstration freight train. designer = Henry Fowler builder = W. G. Bagnall (32), Wm. Beardmore Co. (90), Hunslet Engine Co …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Sacré — Charles Reboul Sacré (4 September 1831 3 August 1889) was an English engineer, Engineer and Superintendent of the Locomotive and Stores Department of the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway. Samuel Waite Johnson was his assistant… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste Des Généraux De L'Union — Liste des officiers généraux de l’armée de l Union, durant la guerre de Sécession : Liens internes Liste des généraux de la Confédération Grades Général = général d armée, Lieutenant général = général de corps d armée, Major général =… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”